Halothane is a time-tested Inhalational Anaesthetic and is the gold standard for cost-effective induction and maintenance of Anaesthesia.
Hasani A - Med Sci Monit - 01-JUN-2009; 15(6): CR302-6
Emergence agitation in children after propofol versus halothane anesthesia.
The administration of Anaesthetic agents is associated with a high incidence of emergence agitation in children. Halothane and propofol appear to cause much less emergence agitation. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of emergence agitation in children receiving either propofol or halothane anesthesia for a variety of surgical treatments using the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium (PAED) scale.
The subjects were 83 premedicated children aged 1 to 6 years who underwent surgical procedures with propofol (group P, n=41) or with halothane (group H, n=42) anesthesia. The mean dose during maintenance of anesthesia with propofol was 9.0 mg/kg/h or halothane 1.5-2% and fentanyl at a total dose of 5microg/kg administered during surgery. Recovery time, preoperative anxiety, postoperative pain, and emergence agitation were noted. Adverse effects during and after operation were also recorded.
Group P had a significantly higher proportion of patients who exhibited emergence agitation than group H (29.3% vs. 9.5%, respectively, P<0.05). The PAED scale score in group H was 4 (range: 0-16) and in group P 8 (range: 2-20). The mean recovery time in group P was significantly shorter than in group H (16.1+/-4.3 vs. 20.5+/-5.4 minutes, respectively, P<0.01).
In children, the administration of propofol maintenance anesthesia is associated with a significantly higher incidence of emergence agitation than halothane maintenance anesthesia.
Piramal Healthcare is the Gold Sponsor at the 30th World Veterinary Congress 2011. This year the congress will be held at the Cape Town International Convention Centre, nestled at the foot of Table Mountain in South Africa from 10th to 14th October. We look forward to meeting you at Exhibition Booth Nos. 18 to 21.
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Piramal Healthcare is the Silver Sponsor at the World Congress of Anaesthesiologists® (WCA) 2012. The 15th WCA will be held at La Rural, Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 25 – 30 March 2012. We look forward to meeting you at Exhibition Booth No. 85.
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